Information and Communication Technology (ICT) plays important role in development process of the Georgian economy contributing about 7 per cent to the national GDP, which is relatively high compared to selected benchmarks in the region. Georgia remains reliant on imports of ICT goods and services, but it is also expected to increase exports of services to adjacent markets in line with further market development. Telecommunication services penetration has been growing, but there is still significant domestic demand to fill before the country catches up with other countries in the region. Nevertheless in 2014 Ministry of Economy and Sustainable Development elaborated long-term strategy in ICT and Innovations for 2020 which implies to move Georgia to 10 top countries in the world by improving Networked Readiness Index; Global Innovation and UN e-government ranking Indexes
Regarding the Governance of ICT sector in the country it is important that the Ministry of Economy and Sustainable Development is responsible for policy development from the government in the field of ICT. At the same time the mission of the Ministry of Economy and Sustainable Development is to provide stable and high temps of economic growth with working up and implementation an effective economic policy. The government of the country is implementing consistent structural and institutional reforms with the aim to provide most favourable business environment.
It must be mentioned that Georgian National Communications Commission (GNCC) - the national regulatory authority in ICT is involved in the governance of ICT sector in Georgia. The GNCC is governed by very strict rules implying transparency, independence, consultation and conflict of interest avoidance.
On the other side ICT sector is one of the component part (subject of teaching and development) for the most Georgian universities, high education schools and research organizations in which there are several ICT specializations and scientific directions. Additionally There are private companies, SMEs, NGOs in the field of ICT (especially in telecommunication area), which are mainly working as a service developer and provider companies.
In 2010 the Data Exchange Agency (DEA) was created. The main goals of DEA are: E-Governance development; Creation of the data exchange infrastructure; and Information security.
STATE AGENCIES AND ORGANIZATIONS
- Ministry of economy and sustainable development of Georgia, department of Communications, IT and Innovations - http://www.economy.ge/?category=20&lang=eng
- Ministry of Justice of Georgia, Information Technology department - http://www.justice.gov.ge/index.php?lang_id=ENG&sec_id=141#
- Data Exchange Agency – www.dea.gov.ge
- Georgian National Communications Commission - http://www.gncc.ge/index.php?lang_id=ENG&sec_id=3050
- Institute of Cybernetics www.cybernet.ge
- Muskhelishvili Institute of Computational Mathematics www.compmath.ge
- Institute of Control Systems http://www.ics.org.ge
- ICT Business Council, Georgia - http://www.ictbc.ge
- "GRENA" (Georgian Research and Educational Networking Association) - http://www.grena.ge/eng/service
At present Georgia is continuing reforms for the integration of Georgia to European community and during this process a new structures and agencies are created (which use new technologies and services):
- One of such structures is Civil Registry Agency (CRA) which is widely recognized in Georgia as a leader in public sector reforms. Consequently the following R&D ICT directions are developed.
- The Innovation and Technology Agency (GITA) was Established by the Ministry of Economy and Sustainable Development with the mandate to implement innovation policy in Georgia in the beginning of 2014. GITA will serve as a centralized institution or a one-stop shop for innovation support to reduce the burden on firms and provide them with better information. Such an agency could also ensure for more efficient capacity building and play a pivotal role in the development of the national innovation policy and the National Innovation System.
- Georgian Technology Transfer Center (GTTC) was Established by main Georgian universities, German foundation GIZ and Georgian Intellectual Property Center to promote commercialization of R&D and technology transfer in 2012.
- IT incubator established by the National Intellectual Property Center (Sakpatenti) in Georgia to promote the start-ups in IT and creative industries in 2014.
All the listed new structures imply development of information and communication technologies in the country and close cooperation with new framework program H2020 in many directions and topics including content technologies; components, computing systems and networks and high performance computing and networking.