EECA Countries

  • Armenia Open or Close

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    EECA Cluster contact points in Armenia

    ICT Environment, Innovation policies and International cooperation report (October 2014)

     

    Armenia historically was a High Tech "Silicon valley" for the Soviet Union with its continuing traditions. The Post-Soviet Armenian government announced the development of information and communication technologies (ICT) as a high priority direction for country development. In 2001, the Government approved ICT Development Concept Paper and Action Plan prepared by the Ministry of Trade and Economic Development in accordance with the recommendations outlined in the ICT Master Strategy. Various programs have been designed by Donor organizations and their implementing agencies to make assessments, supporting the development of country ICT sector. Among these are: World Bank, European Union, USAID, NATO Science, GTZ, OSI-AF, Eurasia Foundation, UNDP, and TACIS.

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  • Azerbaijan Open or Close

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    EECA Cluster contact points in Azerbaijan

    ICT Environment, Innovation policies and International cooperation report (October 2014) 

     

    Information and communication technologies (ICT) are one of the priority directions of paramount importance in sustainable economic development of Azerbaijan. This sector holds leading position in innovative technologies and attraction of foreign and domestic investments compared to other sectors of the economy. On February 7, 2002 the joint project "National Information Communication Technology Strategy (NICTS) development and its initial implementation in the Republic of Azerbaijan" between the Government of Azerbaijan and UNDP was signed. Under this project National ICT Strategy for 2003-2012 was developed and approved on February 17, 2003.

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  • Belarus Open or Close

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    EECA Cluster contact points in Belarus

     ICT Environment, Innovation policies and International cooperation report (October 2014)

     

    Belarus has a long tradition in the Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) and always has been in the centre of attention for foreign researches, universities and companies. Historically, the country was one of the most technologically advanced republics of the former Soviet Union, when 50% of the computers and computers' components were being produced in Belarus. Nowadays, the country's R&D organisations have technical infrastructures such as supercomputers and computer systems for different medical applications, as well as for space technologies, nanotechnologies, photonics etc.

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  • Georgia Open or Close

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    EECA Cluster contact points in Georgia

    ICT Environment, Innovation policies and International cooperation report (October 2014)

     

    Information and Communication Technology (ICT) plays important role in development process of the Georgian economy contributing about 7 per cent to the national GDP, which is relatively high compared to selected benchmarks in the region. Georgia remains reliant on imports of ICT goods and services, but it is also expected to increase exports of services to adjacent markets in line with further market development. Telecommunication services penetration has been growing, but there is still significant domestic demand to fill before the country catches up with other countries in the region. Nevertheless in 2014 Ministry of Economy and Sustainable Development elaborated long-term strategy in ICT and Innovations for 2020 which implies to move Georgia to 10 top countries in the world by improving Networked Readiness Index; Global Innovation and UN e-government ranking Indexes

     

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  • Kazakhstan Open or Close

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    EECA Cluster contact points in Kazakhstan

    ICT Environment, Innovation policies and International cooperation report (October 2014)

     

    ICT sector in Kazakhstan is on the stage of infrastructure development and main services such as landlines, mobile communications and internet. For example, in 2008, only 23% of the population has landline communications in the city and 8% in the countryside. Similarly, internet penetration is only 8% and 1.6% for broadband internet. The access is limited to 256 kbps and it does not exceed 100 kbps in reality. Nonetheless, Kazakhstan has the most developed mobile infrastructure in the Central Asia region - in 2008, the mobile connection was available for 94% of Kazakhstan population.

     

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  • Kyrgyzstan Open or Close

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    EECA Cluster contact points in Kyrgyzstan

    ICT Environment, Innovation policies and International cooperation report (October 2014)

     

    Active forming of national ICT policy started in 2000, when the government of Kyrgyzstan announced to all world community that Kyrgyzstan chooses information society. This initiative was actively supported by the international organizations operating in the republic (UNDP, Soros-Kyrgyzstan Foundation, etc).

     

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  • Moldova Open or Close

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    EECA Cluster contact points in Moldova

    ICT Environment, Innovation policies and International cooperation report (October 2014)

     

    Information and Communication Technology is a rapidly growing sector and one that could have major contribution to the economy in terms of exports and employment, thus improving the National income. The sector of information technology and communications (ICT) is one of the few, where the Republic of Moldova is making good progress. This fact is confirmed by national assessments and global ratings. The ICT contribution rate in the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of the country is about 10%, with a market value of over 6 billion MDL annually

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  • Russia Open or Close

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    EECA Cluster contact points in Russia

    ICT Environment, Innovation policies and International cooperation report (October 2014)

     

    Russia has been traditionally known as the "old" scientific partner of the European Union. Many developments have taken place in recent years in Russia and its image as the "old" partner has changed. Russia has a strong R&D sector, though the scale of conducted research activities and their financial support have been considerably reduced compared to the ones observed in the Soviet Union. During the last 10 years, R&D funding in Russia has been growing permanently, facilitated by the constant GDP growth (6-7% per year) and by the increase in the R&D expenditures (1.4% of GDP by 2004).

     

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  • Tajikistan Open or Close

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    ICT R&D Priorities in TAJIKISTAN

    Ensuring country's connectivity with other countries of the world is the vitally important issue of the economic development of the country. Telecommunication and information technologies are being developed within programs and strategies that have been previously adopted. In this regard, it is scheduled that major telecommunication services, namely local, inter-municipal and international telephony as well as access to the Internet will be ensured in all communities regardless of their geographical situation.

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  • Turkmenistan Open or Close

    Turkmenistan flagUpdated Express Diagnostics of potential for ICT R&D collaboration with the EU - TURKMENISTAN

    Though its importance as a natural gas exporter has grown in recent years, Turkmenistan seeks to further expand and diversify its economy. Some public entities, such as the National Academy of Science, have taken promising initial steps in embracing ICT as a tool for greater economic development.

     

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  • Ukraine Open or Close

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    EECA Cluster contact points in Ukraine

    ICT Environment, Innovation policies and International cooperation report (October 2014)

     

    In the framework of the former Soviet Union Ukraine had developed a strong tradition in the fields of cybernetics, mathematics and computer science. Ukraine is one of the few countries in the world which has produced space stations, global radio, microwave and satellite communication systems, aircraft, nuclear submarines and surface vessels, nuclear power generating stations and other achievements of modern engineering. In addition, Ukrainian engineers, scientists and programmers have been engaged in large-scale complex projects for forty years, cutting across various technology disciplines.

     

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  • Uzbekistan Open or Close